Rosalind Peterson: Nuclear Information Links (Updated)

All is well…

Agriculture Defense Coalition
Redwood Valley

[See more links from Rosalind below article. -DS]

[Update: Radioactivity in Sea up 7.5 Million Times]


EPA Plans to Reduce Cleanup of Nuclear Fallout Now

“No rest for the wicked!” Says EPA Employee With a Smile

From Michael Kane

(Special to CollapseNet)

© Copyright 2011 CollapseNetwork, Inc.   (Please Distribute Widely)

[Long time readers will remember Michael Kane from his years of writing for From The Wilderness where he proved himself a fearless investigative journalist. Michael also contributed a chapter to my book “Crossing the Rubicon: The Decline of the American Empire at the End of the Age of Oil. It’s nice to see him in the field again. – MCR] In the wake of the continuing nuclear tragedy in Japan, the United States government is still moving quickly to increase the amounts of radiation the population can “safely” absorb by raising the safe zone for exposure to levels designed to protect the government and nuclear industry more than human life. It’s all about cutting costs now as the infinite-growth paradigm sputters and moves towards extinction. As has been demonstrated by government conduct in the Gulf of Mexico in the wake of Deepwater Horizon and in Japan, life has taken a back seat to cost-cutting and public relations posturing.

The game plan now appears to be to protect government and the nuclear industry from “excessive costs”… at any cost.


Protective Action Guides, or PAGs as they are called by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), are used to enforce the law following any incident involving the release of radioactive material. If there were a dirty bomb attack in America or nuclear meltdown, how would the EPA interpret the Clean Water Act? How would it interpret a whole suite of laws that impact upon our food, water and soil? As with the incredibly toxic pollution which has claimed many lives of 9-11 responders, the sole decision about what is safe is an administrative EPA process shielded from public scrutiny.

In 1992, the EPA produced a PAGs manual that answers many of these questions. But now an update to the 1992 manual is being planned, and if the “Dr. Strangelove” wing of the EPA has its way, here is what it means (brace yourself for these ludicrous increases):

  • A nearly 1000-fold increase for exposure to strontium-90;
  • A 3000 to 100,000-fold hike for exposure to iodine-131; and
  • An almost 25,000 rise for exposure to radioactive nickel-63.i

The new radiation guidelines would also allow long-term cleanup thresholds thousands of times more lax than anything EPA has ever judged safe in the past. Under long-established EPA policy, in conformity with long-accepted international standards on “acceptable” amounts of radiation these proposed changes would increase the permissible amounts of radiation to levels where 25% of those exposed to these “new acceptable levels” would develop cancer based on the EPA’s own numbers.ii

And the scariest part is that once the EPA publishes the changes in the Federal Register, it is a done deal. EPA deliberations are not discussed in public or debated in Congress. There is only a public comment period after the new PAGs are published. But it could be said that the EPA is notorious for ignoring what the public has to say during such comment periods.

These insane changes are nothing new. In the final days of the Bush Administration, the “Dr. Strangelove” wing of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was preparing to dramatically increase permissible radioactive releases in drinking water, food and soil after “radiological incidents.”

Radiological incidents include both reactor incidents at power plants and dirty bomb attacks.

This psychotic move was stopped in the eleventh hour in 2009 by a group called Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER) who submitted two Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests. When the EPA was not forthcoming with all of the documentation, PEER sued obtaining the desired docs and winning $12,000 in lawyer fees. They thought that was the end of it.iii


Right now there is another push within the EPA to resurrect this agenda. Many mid and upper-level managers currently at EPA were working for the agency under Bush and are, in fact Bush-Cheney era appointees.

One such person is Sara DeCair, a health physicist with the EPA’s Office of Radiation and Indoor Air since 2003. She is currently one of those rewriting the standards.

In an internal EPA email that was obtained by PEER, DeCair explains that the Head Administrator of the EPA, Lisa P. Jackson, had given the green light to go forward with these changes sometime in the beginning of May, 2010. In that email, which was time-stamped 05/06/2010 04:35 PM EDT, DeCair ominously wrote the following:

“We have noticed that she (Lisa P. Jackson) does not like any delay between deciding a thing and moving forward. No rest for the wicked, I like to say! Thank you 🙂” (emphasis added)iv (see below)

Notice how Sara DeCair closes the email with a smiley face. Why didn’t she just go ahead and throw in a LOL or LMFAO? No rest for the wicked, indeed.

Not all in EPA agreed to the Draconian changes. There is an internal battle being fought, but it appears – based on the email obtained by PEER which is published at the end of this report – that the battle may have already been won since Lisa P. Jackson has seemingly given the green light.

Jackson is the Head Administrator of EPA. The final decision rests with her and President Obama. While it seems she may have already been swayed by the Dr. Strangelove wing of her agency, she needs to be swayed back down to reality on planet earth with the rest of us.

Here is Jackson’s email address:

Email Lisa P. Jackson and tell her you are outraged that she seems to have given the green light to this horrific EPA plan. Demand that she stops the process and fires Sara DeCair for putting a smiley face on serving the corporate interest over the public interest.

Email or call Sara DeCair here: (202) 343-9713

Let DeCair know her words are being read and examined, and that you’ve emailed the Head Administrator of the EPA (Jackson), demanding DeCair be fired. Until these people know we are holding them accountable, they will hide in the shadows where they are most dangerous.

Reading the above-mentioned EPA email (provided at the end of this report) makes it clear that the agency has very little interest in protecting the environment but is consumed with its “communication strategy” to the power-players involved, most notably the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). They even state that DHS needs to be met with first “so that the DHS is not surprised when we begin the Interagency discussions.”

[Or maybe so that DHS can keep their personnel out of areas labeled safe for useless eaters. – MCR]

Act of Congress or Enforcement?

As I learned about this, my first question was, “Wait a minute. Isn’t this all about legislation? Wouldn’t such a change require an act of Congress?”

NO! This is all about enforcement, and enforcement rests with the executive branch, which in this case is the EPA. It is the EPA who decides in advance how laws will be enforced by the rest of government.

And these decisions are hammered out in backroom deals so concealed from the public that members of the EPA itself feel comfortable giving their work the tagline of “no rest for the wicked” with a smiley face in communications where they are attempting to fast-track a process that would jeopardize millions of lives and risk further injury to our obviously unstable environment.

Federal Register

Published by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), the Federal Register is the official daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of Federal agencies and organizations, as well as executive orders and other presidential documents.v

The EPA will be publishing their update of PAGs in the Federal Register once clearance has been given by the EPA’s Head Administrator Lisa P. Jackson, and, of course, by President Obama. Once that happens, it is effectively game-over. So stopping the new PAGs before they make it to the Federal Register is imperative.

How much time is there to stop it? That’s hard to say because it is not a public process. The only time we get a glimpse as to the rollout plans of the EPA is when groups like PEER are successful with FOIA requests for internal documents.

According to Jeff Ruch, the Executive Director of PEER (, his organization currently has yet another FOIA request in process that should result in the disclosure of all of the EPA’s documents in this regard. Originally the request was put in while the documents were still in draft form, so a follow-up was required. Ruch anticipates that all documentation will be provided in fairly short time.

PEER’s plan is to air those documents in full daylight and let them speak for themselves. Ruch feels confident that – in light of the crisis in Japan – the EPA will have no choice but to back off of this redrafting of PAGs (for the time being).

Bridge The Gap

The overwhelming majority of the above information was provided to CollapseNet by Jeff Ruch and PEER. Ruch got us in touch with Dan Hirsch, who is President of The Committee to Bridge the Gap. Ruch told CollapseNet that Hirsch and his organization were the main players opposing the EPA’s changing of PAGs.

In a phone interview with Hirsch, CollapseNet asked what he and those he worked with were planning to do to stop the EPA from making these life-threatening changes.

Hirsch indicated that he had planned to write to the Assistant Administrator of the EPA expressing concern that the PAGs had not been addressed properly and request another face-to-face meeting. Hirsch informed me he and his colleagues had met with EPA a year and a half ago in regards to their attempt to change the PAGs back at that time. Remember, this process began at the end of the Bush administration and has only recently resurfaced.


It took only a few minutes for Hirsch to state that all his PAGs work has been put on hold by the unfolding events in Japan. He has been consumed with trying to get the American government to deploy appropriate radiation monitors – which they do have, somewhere – into California to detect radioactive iodide from radioactive plumes possibly coming from Japan. No such deployment has occurred.

Hirsch said there were 12 monitors deployed in California and that only 5 of them are operational. None of them are capable of detecting radioactive iodide. Under standard operating procedures the samples would be sent to Georgia for processing and the results should be available 5 days later. But by that time the radioactive plume would no longer be in California so the data would be completely useless in helping to protect humans from being exposed to radiation.

The government does have monitors that can detect radioactive iodide instantly, but they have not been deployed in California as of this writing. CollapseNet told Hirsch that, based on what he was saying, it seemed like the federal government had no intent to detect radioactive iodide in time to prevent exposure.

“It certainly gives that impression,” responded Hirsch.

Worst Fears

It seems that the Strangelove-wing of the EPA is working so hard to change the PAGs it is as if the powerful are anticipating radiological disasters in America as inevitable. Anything is possible, and everything is conceivable in the continuing collapse of human industrial civilization.



i Interview with Jeff Ruch, Executive Director of PEER (, on March 17, 2011 at 4:45pm EST

See also|head

ii Ibid

iii Ibid

iv The email originating with Sara DeCair was sent to me via pdf attachment from Jeff Ruch on March 17, 2011, and has been published along with this report.  (see below)


[Links from Rosalind]

1) Link:  U.S. EPA Manual
Radiological Emergency Planning Manual – Protection from Airborne Plume+Food Hazards
May 1992 – Nuclear Power Plant

2) Link:     U.S. EPA
U.S. EPA Workshop & Proceedings on Protective Actions for Radiological Incidents Other than
Nuclear Power Reactors

3)    U.S. Department of Energy – Federal Radiological Monitoring & Assessment Center
FRMAC Assessment Manual – Volume I – Overview & Methods – April 2010

3A)  U.S. Department of Energy Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center
FRMAC Assessment Manual Volume 2 Pre-Assessed Default Scenarios February 2010 Draft

March 16, 2011 – The Tennessean News

PEER Group warns EPA ready to increase radioactive release guidelines

“…The EPA is preparing to dramatically increase permissible radioactive releases in drinking water, food and soil after “radiological incidents,” according to Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility.

What is termed a guidance that EPA is considering – as opposed to a regulation – does not require public airing before it’s decided upon.

EPA officials contacted today in the Atlanta and D.C. offices had no response on the issue as of 6 p.m.

The radiation guides called Protective Action Guides or PAGs are protocols for responding to radiological events ranging from nuclear power-plant accidents to dirty bombs.

Drinking water, for example, would have a huge increase in allowable public exposure to radioactivity, the group says, that would include:

A nearly 1000-fold increase in strontium-90

A 3000 to 100,000-fold hike for iodine-131

An almost 25,000 rise for nickel-63

The new radiation guidance would also allow long-term cleanup standards thousands of times more lax than anything EPA has ever before accepted, permitting doses to the public that EPA itself estimates would cause a cancer in as much as every fourth person exposed, the group says.

These relaxed standards are opposed by public health professionals inside EPA, according to documents PEER said it obtained under the Freedom of Information Act.

PEER is a national alliance of local state and federal resource professionals…”

5)    European Union Action with Regard to Japan Nuclear Disaster-Food Supplies-March 25, 2011
Official Journal of the European Union Implementing Regulations (EU) No 297/2011 of the Commission
Imposing Special Conditions on the Import of Food and Feed, the Origin or Origin is Japan, after the Accident
at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant.

Note Previous Action & Levels of Food Radiation-European Union July 30, 2008:

Note: Previous Action & Levels of Food Radiation-European Union July 18, 1989:
Official Journal of the European Union July 18, 1989 Maximum Permitted Levels of Radioactive Contamination
of Food Following a Nuclear Accident or other Radiological Emergency.

Note Previous Action & Levels of Minor Food Radiation-European Union April 12,1989:
European Union April 12, 1989, Laying Down Maximum Permitted Levels of Radioactive Contamination in
Minor Foodstuffs Following a Nuclear Accident or any other Radiological Emergency.

6)    IAEA 1985
Nuclear Safety Guide-Nuclear Power Plant Design-Radiation Issues

7)    Environmental Institute at Munich, Germany
Website: April 4, 2011
Questions and answers about the consequences of the meltdown in Japan


Helen Caldicott talked about her book Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer, published by The New Press. An antinuclear activist, she contended that nuclear power is not the solution to global warming. She examined the costs, toxic effects, and terrorism risks of nuclear energy, and described alternative, renewable energy sources. After her presentation she responded to audience members’ questions.

The New Nuclear Danger by Dr. Helen Caldicott
May 26, 2004

C-SPAN | Washington Journal
Dr. Caldicott talked about her book The New Nuclear Danger: George W. Bush’s Military-Industrial Complex, published by New Press. She discussed the nuclear weapons still in existence, plans for disarmament, and near catastrophic accidents which have occurred. She responded to telephone calls, .. Read More
Dr. Caldicott talked about her book The New Nuclear Danger: George W. Bush’s Military-Industrial Complex, published by New Press. She discussed the nuclear weapons still in existence, plans for disarmament, and near catastrophic accidents which have occurred. She responded to telephone calls, faxes, and electronic mail from viewers.

Helen Caldicott was interviewed about her life and work and responded to telephone calls, faxes, and electronic mail from viewers. Helen Caldicott is the author of five books: Nuclear Madness (1979), Missile Envy] (1984), If You Love This Planet: A Plan to Heal the Earth (1992), A Desperate Passion: An Autobiography (1996), and  The New Nuclear Danger: George Bush’s Military Industrial Complex (2001). Helen Caldicott was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by Nobel Laureate Linus Pauling, and she was named one of the most influential women of the 20th century by the Smithsonian Institute. Physicians for Social Responsibility, which she co-founded in 1977, was co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1985. She has been the subject of several films, including Eight Minutes to Midnight and If You Love This Planet, which won the Academy Award for best documentary in 1982. In 1987 she ran for Federal Parliament in Australia, losing by 600 votes. Helen Caldicott was born in Melbourne, Australia in 1938. She currently divides her time between Australia and the U.S. She is the founder and president of the Nuclear Policy Research Institute, headquartered in Washington, D.C.


9)    U.S. FDA Guidance Report December 2001 – Potassium Iodide as a Thyroid Block Agent in Radiation Emergencies

10)   Guidance for Industry in KI Radiation Emergencies December 2002  Questions & Answers

One Comment

NadePaulKuciGravMcKi April 5, 2011 at 3:05 pm

Fukushima Internal Emitters

An ill wind comes arising
Across the cities of the plain
There’s no swimming in the heavy water
No singing in the acid rain

Absalom Absalom Absalom