Skill Up, Party Down

Rob Hopkins, Founder, Transition Towns


Transition Towns plan a gentle descent from oil dependence—and have a blast in the process.

Ciaran Mundy, a successful high-tech entrepreneur with a Ph.D. in soil ecology, started a website to update people on all the “terrible news about climate change.” But after a while, he felt it wasn’t working—that it would never work. “It took me years to realize there’s no point in putting up more facts and figures,” he says. “They just bounce off people.”

Then he stumbled across the Transition Town movement, which was just picking up steam in his city—Bristol, England. When Mundy attended a training session on Transition Towns, he found a group of people addressing the big problems of our time, and doing it with optimism and a sense of celebration.

The Transition movement is built around making the transition to a world after peak oil—the time when world oil production reaches an all-time high, then goes into irreversible decline. Oil prices will spike and the economy will stop growing, wreaking havoc in our society, which depends on petroleum for nearly everything, from growing food to maintaining economies. The Transition movement aims to prepare communities for peak oil—or climate change, or economic meltdown—by reclaiming lost skills, teaching new ones, and fostering local self-sufficiency.

The movement’s approach and attitude, as much as its goals, galvanized Mundy. “It’s not about being angsty, and doing worthy things. It’s about celebrating,” he says. “I like parties—I’m a bit of a party animal,” he adds with a grin. “So it’s perfect for me.”

Starting the Transition

Transition Towns started in 2005 as a community project led by Rob Hopkins, who was teaching permaculture in a rural Irish town called Kinsale. The year before, he and his class watched a new movie, The End of Suburbia, that said peak oil will completely transform our lives. “It greatly focused the mind and came as a great shock to everyone—myself included,” Hopkins writes in The Transition Handbook, the movement’s bible. He added a project to his course to imagine how Kinsale “might successfully make the transition to a lower-energy future.”

Hopkins moved to Totnes, a town in southwestern England, and launched the first official Transition Town. He rallied people to devise an “energy descent plan”— which has become the core of the Transition movement—for scaling back energy use, sourcing food and other goods closer to home, and otherwise aiming for local sustainability.

Hopkins’ Handbook argues that these steps are essential to avoid undermining the planet’s ability to support humanity, regardless of when the effects of peak oil kick in.

But these efforts could also strengthen communities and improve people’s daily lives. There’s no downside to eating fresher food, getting to know our neighbors, and avoiding maddening commutes. Those are all solid preparation for energy and food shortages, economic shocks, and climate tempests to come—and they may help us avoid such a bleak future.

Transition Bristol

Mundy’s party-loving enthusiasm seems infectious. Transition Montpelier, Mundy’s local group, has been in many ways the most successful in and around Bristol. Besides organizing street parties, they’re growing food in allotments—city-owned garden plots that people can sign up to use—and in planters they’re building along the streets. They’re assembling a buyer’s group to build their own renewable power mini-grid, getting solar panels for the neighborhood at a discount, and then divvying up the electricity. And they’re devising their own local currency for Bristol, to support local businesses and strengthen the whole local economy by keeping money circulating in the community.

It’s no surprise that, in 2007, Bristol became the first large city to start the Transition process—it was the 11th official Transition group—it’s regarded as one of the country’s greenest places. A progressive city near the ocean, its hills are dotted with pastel Victorians. In its neighborhoods, the main streets feature organic food shops and cafes serving fair trade coffees. The city council’s sustainability office is in a revamped, energy-efficient, former tobacco warehouse, and out front they have a model home that’s hyper-efficient.

“You can have lots of people who understand how to do stuff–gardening, home energy saving, bicycle repairs … but the magic lies in helping communities get together.”

More than a dozen Transition groups have sprung up in Bristol’s neighborhoods and surrounding villages, like Portishead and Clevedon. “Our approach [for] how to take Bristol through the Transition process … is to see the city as a network of villages,” says Transition Bristol’s official website. The approach seems to be taking off. Each neighborhood or village group has only a handful of core members, which makes meetings tractable and maintains a focus on a small part of the city that the members know well. A central group for Bristol, and another emerging for the wider area, are clearinghouses for experiences and coordinate efforts among smaller groups.

As of this writing, nearly 300 communities in more than a dozen countries have started their own Transition Town initiatives. The bulk are in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, but groups are also springing up in Portugal, Italy, Japan, and Chile.

Many have come to Transition groups on a path similar to Mundy’s: They were worried about the environment and wanted to be sustainable, but they didn’t feel they were making much of a difference. Now, instead of worrying, they’re actually doing something.

That’s how it worked for Bill Roberts, a music teacher who’s turned his whole backyard into a garden. He started a Transition initiative in his village, Long Ashton, on the outskirts of Bristol. “I thought for years of joining my local Greenpeace or Friends of the Earth, but I never did,” Roberts says. Those organizations, he says, are “really top-down.”

But Transition is “bottom-up,” Roberts says. For him, that makes all the difference, putting “the importance and power of it at the community level.” When he first heard about Transition Towns, he “found it very inspiring—that to be green, we could actually have a better life.”

A local book publisher is letting the Long Ashton group use a piece of land to start a community vegetable garden. When they wanted to break the sod, a Conservative Party district councilor brought his draft horses and plowed the plot. It was tough work, even for the stout horses, but now Transition Long Ashton is planting crops and building a chicken coop.

Although these neighbors put in a lot of effort to create this garden, they enjoyed it, Roberts says. It’s the same feeling that reeled him in to the Transition movement in the first place. “It’s not that you give something,” he says. “It’s that you’re coming together and you get something.”


Besides growing food, they’re also gaining skills—often from their neighbors, who turn out to be resident experts. Take Deryll Hibbitt of Long Ashton. She’s always gardened—at 74, she’s been growing food longer than many of her neighbors have been alive. Hibbitt was one of 23 people who showed up for the first Transition meeting in Long Ashton. Before the meeting, she’d never heard of Transition. But she soon joined up and started a “grow it” group—“a meeting place for people interested in growing food,” she says, “where they share problems and knowledge in a very informal way.”

Along with gardening, members of Transition Long Ashton are acquiring other skills that a few generations ago would have been part of common knowledge. It’s all part of what the Transition movement calls “reskilling.”

In Long Ashton, those pitching in with the community garden are also trying their hand at keeping chickens and pigs, and learning from their neighbors how to build fences to keep them in. They’re learning how to preserve food as jams, by canning, and through lactic acid fermentation—the way that sauerkraut is made. “The networking through the Transition group has supported many of us in being adventurous with these things,” Roberts says.

“Reskilling” can also mean learning new technologies. For Richard Hancock, an auditor for the health service, learning how to track his energy use has paid dividends. He joined Transition Hotwell and Cliftonwood, in his part of Bristol, and through them joined a Carbon Reduction Action Group—“like Weight Watchers for your carbon footprint,” as he puts it. The numbers were surprising, he says. “When I looked at mine, my gas bill was the biggest part of my footprint—even when I was flying around.”

Other members helped him pick out a new, far more efficient, gas boiler for his house, and figure out how best to install it. “Working out how to vent a new gas boiler would be difficult without expert advice,” because of convoluted regulations, Hancock says.

To help people get tips and clues on how to improve their homes’ energy efficiency, Transition Montpelier teamed up with the local authority and the Energy Saving Trust to train several people to do “energy audits.” In the autumn, they’re launching another program, called Green Open Doors, to give people a chance, Mundy says, “to learn from a neighbor about domestic energy saving and generation” in typical homes.

The Peak Oil Frame

Transition Town members didn’t invent most of the ideas they’re using, like local currencies and, of course, gardening or making jam. But they have brought these strands of local sustainability together using the theme of peak oil.

“What’s fantastic about Transition is the frame of peak oil,” says Joy Carey, a Bristol-based food researcher, who worked for years for the Soil Association, the U.K.’s largest organic food certification group. “Peak oil focuses people’s minds. Before, having a sustainable food system seemed like the right thing to do—but that was it. Suddenly there was a whole other reason to take it seriously.”

Transition members have been crucial in helping Bristol and other cities imagine life after peak oil. Last year, when Bristol’s city council commissioned a report on how the city might cope with peak oil, they tapped Simone Osborne—a member of Transition BS3, named after the group’s postcode. “This was a major, major report,” says Steve Marriott, city council sustainability manager. “It made senior people all across the city sit up. We’ve re-engaged a whole tier of decision makers that weren’t on board before.” The “most dramatic response,” he says, is that the local branch of the National Health Service pledged to cut its greenhouse gas emissions. It is looking into the vulnerability of health care to peak oil and climate change, with efforts headed up by Dr. Angela Raffle, a public health consultant and member of Transition Bristol.

Tapping the Power of Community

Transition groups have had a lot to learn about the best role they can play in Bristol, says Claire Milne, who is a coordinator both for citywide and national Transition efforts. “What’s coming through really clearly is that its role is to act as a platform, to bring together all the amazing things that are already happening, and then allow them to work together more strategically.” Or, as Mundy puts it, its major strength is in “joining up the dots.”

Mundy may be a party animal, and Transition Montpelier’s street parties may be a blast—but they also have a purpose. “Working together in community is something that we have focused on, whether through organizing street parties, film nights, growing groups, street art, home energy audits, or transport groups,” Mundy says.

The real power of the movement is its focus on building community, Mundy says. “You can have lots of people who understand how to do stuff—gardening, home energy saving, bicycle repairs, and so on. But the magic lies in helping communities get together and work together in communicating, celebrating, and spreading those skills.” In an age of mass media, individualism, and consumerism, he says, these community-building skills have withered—but we need them urgently now. “I feel this is the primary part of reskilling,” Mundy says. “I can’t stress this enough.”

These efforts—planting gardens, putting energy descent plans into place, building community—may not be enough to avert the catastrophic change that many see coming. “Transition is a social experiment on a massive scale,” says a banner on the Transition Network website. “We truly don’t know if this will work.” But, crucially, the movement’s principles and attitudes have galvanized people, getting them out into their communities and their gardens. What started as a school project in Kinsale is now a worldwide experiment that’s truly putting the idea of local resilience to the test.

Mason Inman wrote this article for A Resilient Community, the Fall 2010 issue of YES! Magazine.  Mason is a freelance journalist based in Pakistan.  He focuses on climate and energy issues, and blogs about resilience at Failing Gracefully.


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YES! Magazine encourages you to make free use of this article by taking these easy steps. Inman, M. (2010, August 11). Skill Up, Party Down. Retrieved September 21, 2010, from YES! Magazine Web site: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons License

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I think I may be suffering from a malaise common amongst people I meet. It doesn’t have a name but for the sake of discussion let’s call it “movement fatigue.” The perception is that the more promising a movement seem to be the more likely it is to disappoint, or even betray, optimistic perceptions. The list of movements with feet of clay is long but Move On can serve as the poster child. Never have so many contributed so much time, money and energy for so little return as with Move On. I am not critical of those who, seemingly naively, invested themselves in electing someone who turned out to not represent their values and aspirations. These people were victims of a giant confidence game. I am not into blaming victims. In fact, in a so called civilized society (a status our society has less and less claim to as the plutocracy continues to shape our thinking to their ends) the focus in a crime is on confronting the perpetrator. In thought controlled by those employed by the super rich to pave the way to ever greater riches, the victim is always to blame. The poor are poor because they “lack marketable skills,” schools produce ignorant students because teachers are failing in spite of draconian funding cutbacks for education. The sick are sick because we make bad choices about our personal life styles, avoid exercising on dangerous streets, consume mass quantities of cheap poisonous food, failed to acquire the proper top flight medical insurance, did not hire a personal trainer and, essentially, did not have the wisdom to be rich. Ours is a society at war with reality and thinks it is winning!!!

I am currently reading a book that I think everyone interested in societal issues, especially those feel compelled to become active in social justice struggles, should read ASAP. It is called The Spirit Level by Richard Wilkinson and Kate Picket. In an exhaustive report on decades of research on the relationship between relative income and mental and physical health they prove, beyond reasonable doubt, that the controlling factor in EVERY SOCIAL PROBLEM is inequality. Those countries, states and towns with greater income equality are better in every respect FOR EVERYONE.

What is true is that consuming massive amounts of bull shit propaganda, with never a straight truth to cut through the slime, kills. What may be even more important, yet hidden behind the data which serves as a fog to disguise the truth, is that in more equal societies the population is exposed to fewer and less damaging lies. Another interesting book, not on the lofty academic plane as The Spirit Level but just as important, is Radical Honesty by Brad Blanton. He explains why and how living in an environment of lying makes people sick. The US has the greatest average income and the greatest economic inequality in the world (Sinagpore comes close) and also the worst statistics on quality of life compared to income.

What is also true is that movements like the Transition Towns bring a lot of wonderful ideas to peoples attention. What is true is that these movements is that they consistently fail to address the real problem of social inequality that is breeding the host of problems that make the success of such movements on a significant scale impossible. So people watch one movement after another, Anti-war, Gender rights, etc. and one organization after another espousing these movement values, NAACP, Alliance for Democracy, the Sierra Club, ACORN either destroyed by dirty political maneuvers, as in the case of ACORN, or, worse, gradually turn into something that the founders would not recognize.

So, in a vain attempt to not appear entirely curmudgeonly, let me reassert that a better future is possible when we begin the process of learning to talk to each other as equals and as equally important members of our communities. I will start to believe in movements again when they start coming out of REAL (as opposed to the flood of phony) grass roots activities that are inclusive of everyone in the community. Then we will start to see some action toward improvement, and not until, in my not so humble opinion.

So, by all means, immerse oneself in Transition, Localization and Ecosensitivity, but don’t expect much from your effort until you find that you can sit down with ALL your neighbors and talk about mutual concerns without letting ideology in the door to set you against each other.

In hopeful curnudgeonlyness,

    Herb, “EVERY SOCIAL PROBLEM is inequality” is undoubtedly true, yet is also part of the left ideology. So my question to you is, how do we sit down with ALL of our neighbors without letting ideology in the door when you have started the discussion by doing just that?

    That is the reason why I, so identified with the left and proud of it, feel it is now the work of the young, who are much more resilient in their belief systems and less enamored of their own history and baggage, to start carrying the torch on this.

    Although I will keep voting for national candidates, our focus and energy needs to be local on both politics and transition.


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