From ENENEWS Comments
The psychopaths who originally promoted nuclear proliferation like the politicians, numerous federal and state government supporting departments/agencies -DOE, DOD, EPA, FDA, NOAA, et al, industry insiders, NGOs, industry lobbying associations, the banks and insurance companies, and all the other propagandists and co-conspirators, knew ionizing radiation was disease causing and eventually lethal. Following is about when they knew, and who knew, when. Like much of our history, it is an insane and a pathetic ideology that now threatens all of our very lives and a resulting ELE.
“Even Miniscule Amounts of Radiation Can Be Dangerous”
A major new scientific study proves that low-level radiation can cause huge health problems.
Science Daily reports:
“Even the very lowest levels of radiation are harmful to life, scientists have concluded in the Cambridge Philosophical Society’s journal Biological Reviews. Reporting the results of a wide-ranging analysis of 46 peer-reviewed studies published over the past 40 years, researchers from the University of South Carolina and the University of Paris-Sud found that variation in low-level, natural background radiation was found to have small, but highly statistically significant, negative effects on DNA as well as several measures of health.”
Some knowledge milestones from US Department of Energy “Low Dose Radiation Research Program”, a chronological history at http://lowdose.energy.gov/timeline.aspx
Edward J. Calabrese edits a book entitled Biological Effects of Low Level Exposure to Chemicals and Radiation, based on a workshop held in May 1991 at the University of Massachusetts. Oddvar F. Nyraard, Warren K. Sinclair and John T. Lett edit a book entitled Advances In Radiation Biology, Volume 16: Effects of Low Dose and Low Dose Rate Radiation, which examines the biological effects (primarily cancer and mutation induction) of low-dose and low-dose-rate ionizing radiation and the significance of low-dose and low-dose-rate exposures to radiation safety and standards for radiation protection.
Jay M. Gould and Benjamin A. Goldman publish the first edition of a book entitled Deadly Deceit, Low-Level Radiation, High-Level Cover-up. The theme of the book focuses of the dangers of low levels of radiation to human populations, the need to limit exposures whenever possible and the need for government to share information on health effects and exposure information with the public.
From the book: “Deadly Deceit, Low-Level Radiation, High-Level Coverup” by Jay M. Gould and Benjamin A. Goldman
The “book offers reason to suspect that the lethal nature of low-level radiation is no “mistaken impression.” The scale of potential damage was foreseen by Rachel Carson, Linus Pauling, and Andrei Sakharov, and was later supported by warnings from John Gofman, Arthur Tamplin, Alice Stewart, Thomas Mancuso, Karl Morgan, Carl Johnson and Ernest Sternglass.”
Gould and Goldman say in their book, “Our findings of a supralinear effect also agree with similar findings for cancer mortality from exposures to low-level radiation made by four eminent authorities: Dr. John Gofman, Dr. Karl Z. Morgan, Dr. Thomas Mancuso and Dr. Alice Stewart. All four scientists worked at various times for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission or Department of Energy. All four concluded that the dose-response relationship was supralinear, which means that there is no level of radiation low enough to be deemed “safe”. The government terminated the services of all four when they each, independently, came up with what Dr. Gofman has called the “wrong” answer–that is, the opposite of what the AEC wanted to hear.”
Another book, entitled Cancer From Low-Dose Exposure: An Independent Analysis, authored by John W. Gofman, is published. This book reviews human and physical evidence showing that cancer can be caused by the lowest conceivable doses and dose rates of ionizing radiation. The author rebuts claims that very low doses or dose rates of radiation are safe.
Alice Stewart and George Kneale publish a study on children in England and Wales showing an increased risk of cancer due to radiation received from obstetric x‑rays.
Arthur D. Bloom publishes paper “Cytogenetic Effects of Low-Dose Internal and External Radiations,” which concludes that all exposure to high-energy ionizing radiation, even at low doses, produces chromosomal and genetic damage and that this damage may well be deleterious to the host.
United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) declares that fallout from nuclear bombs is harmful to human health.
Karl Z. Morgan in testimony before a Congressional subcommittee states that there is “no safe level of exposure” to radiation.
A National Academy of Sciences Committee issues a report asserting no safe threshold for radiation exposure. The report condemns the excessive use of x‑rays in medical and dental practices, exposures to pregnant women, and people being fitted for shoes. Former AEC official, John C. Bugher, declares at an American Public Health Association meeting that an atomic power program would present a much greater health threat than nuclear weapons, due to large quantities of radioactive chemicals emitted into the environment during power generation. Debate begins among scientists and politicians about the hazards of radiation to human populations.
They knew, they knew long ago; but, the financial and power grabbing opportunities were too seductive, for them, to contemplate their own eventual demise. We go, but they go, too.